Lelant parish officials 1722-1802
Churchwardens, overseers of the poor, and constables
© Maxwell Adams 2005, 2006
Version 15 February 2006
This list of officials of Lelant parish is taken from two sources: for 1722-1800 the accounts of the     
churchwardens in the Church council book 1722-1800 (CRO P/120/5/1) and for 1770-1802 the accounts of
the overseers of the poor in the Lelant poor book 1770-1802 (CRO P/120/12/1). The Church council book
records the names of the churchwardens and very occasionally constables. The Lelant poor book records   
churchwardens and the overseers of the poor. Only names in these books are recorded here. 
The years in the two books run from Easter to Easter. The names and dates in the Church council book are   
clear and unambiguous, apart from the very beginning of the book and I have used this as the sole source 
for the churchwardens up to 1799-1800. The churchwardens in the list for 1800-01 and 1801-02 only are from  
the Lelant poor book. There are difficulties for some years with the names and dates in  the Poor book: the
dating of some years in this book is ambiguous and in some instances awry. If I have  interpreted the year
in the Poor book right, this means that for some years the names of the churchwardens do not tally with   
those in the Church council book; they are basically a year out. Additionally in the Poor book, the names of
the overseers of the poor in the prospective rate-making records, at the beginning of the Easter-Easter year,
are different in some years from the names of the overseers in the record of the disbursements for that year. 
Where they differ I have listed both.
This list therefore represents my interpretation of the entries for the ambiguous years and officials in the  
Poor book.
What did overseers of the poor and churchwardens do?
The churchwardens and overseers levied and collected taxes, called rates, from the owners of land and 
property in the parish.
The unpaid churchwardens, elected for a year by the better-off parishioners at the Easter vestry meeting, 
used their rates to pay mainly for the maintenance and repair of the church building, including the bells, and for
other items connected with the running of the church such as the bread for communion and washing the church linen.
They also paid for the work of the parish constables, road maintenance, and organised the recruitment of the  
parish members of the militia.
The unpaid overseers of the poor, elected in the same way as the churchwardens, used their rates to provide
money and goods for the poor of the parish and to commission paid work from people for paupers to do, such as 
making clothes for a pauper or looking after someone in labour or for the funeral of a pauper. The rate also paid    
for young parish paupers to become apprenticed to a skilled worker such as a carpenter in the parish and paid for         
support for the family of militia substitutes and for the maintenance of the poor house and administrative work to do with  
the settlement of people in the right parish.  
The same names of officials recur: Lelant apparently had  only few men willing to do this work. Only men    
served as these officials and in a few years the same men were both churchwardens and overseers of the
poor. The rates were prospective, that is they were for the year to come. The year of office for
churchwardens and overseers ran from Easter to Easter.
Also see on this website:     
The poor in Lelant
What is in the churchwardens' Church council book?
This is an account book, recording separately what was collected in as rates and what was paid out by the
churchwardens. Some people also paid for graves; these are presumably the well-heeled paying for special
graves. The names of the churchwardens and occasionally constables are recorded in the book; the names
of ratepayers and the amounts they paid are recorded; and the names of  those paid by the churchwardens 
for work done and services provided (as set out above in What did the churchwardens do), along with the 
amounts paid. The outside edge of the book are damaged and the details are in some cases lost entirely or  
partially. Only years are given for receipts and disbursements in the book; there are no months or days.
What is in the Lelant poor book?
The Lelant poor book is primarily an account book. It records separately what was received and what was
paid out. The accounts are detailed and record the names of ratepayers and their property and the names 
of recipients and what they received (for relieving poverty or services set out above in What did the     
overseers of the poor do). The names of churchwardens and overseers of the poor are recorded in the   
book. Only years are given for receipts and disbursements in the book; there are no months or days.
1800-1802 accounting device
In the Lelant poor book the years 1800 to 1802 for disbursements and rate-making are divided thus: Easter
1800-September 1800, September 1800-Easter 1801, Easter 1801-October 1801, October 1801-Easter 1802.
This is an accounting device: the officials served a full year.
Parish name
The parish is called Uny Lelant in the Lelant poor book, very occasionally spelt Uni Lelant. 
In Church council book
1722-23 Henry HOSKING, …STEVENS
1723-24 Edward BANFIELD
1724-25 Henry BANFIELD, William CURGENVEN
1725-26 Henry BANFIELD, William CURGENVEN
1726-27 Edward BANFIELD, James STEVENS
1727-28 Edward BANFIELD, James STEVENS
1728-29 Edward BANFIELD, James STEVENS
1729-30 Edward BANFIELD, James STEVENS
1730-31 Hugh PAWLEY, John PEARCE
1731-32 Hugh PAWLEY, John PEARCE
1732-33 ?
1733-34 Andrew HOSKING, John PEARCE
1734-35 Christopher EDWARDS, Andrew HOSKING
1735-36 William MICHELL, John SANDOW
1736-37 William MICHELL, John SANDOW,
1737-38 Christopher HOSKING, Thomas KNIVETON
1738-39 Christopher HOSKING, Thomas KNIVETON
1739-40 John EDWARDS, Henry HOSKING
1740-41 John EDWARDS, Henry HOSKING
1741-42 John EDWARDS, Henry HOSKING
1742-43 Hanniball HOSKING, George KELWAY
1743-44 Hanniball HOSKING, George KELWAY
1744-45 Hanniball HOSKING, George KELWAY
1745-46 Hanniball HOSKING, George KELWAY
1746-47 William CURGENVEN, Thomas RICHARDS
1747-48 William CURGENVEN, Thomas RICHARDS
1748-49 Richard HOSKING, Thomas KNIVETON
1749-50 Thomas KNIVETON, Richard HOSKING
1750-51 Andrew HOSKING, Thomas KNIVETON
1751-52 Andrew HOSKING, Thomas KNIVETON
1752-53 Andrew HOSKING, Thomas KNIVETON
1753-54 John EDWARDS, Richard STEVENS
1754-55 John EDWARDS, Richard STEVENS
1755-56 John EDWARDS, Richard STEVENS
1756-57 John EDWARDS, Richard STEVENS
1757-58 John EDWARDS, John [sic] STEVENS
1758-59 John EDWARDS, John STEVENS
1759-60 Henry HOSKING, Thomas SANDOW
1760-61 Henry HOSKING, Thomas SANDOW
1761-62 Henry HOSKING, Thomas SANDOW
1762-63 Thomas CURGENVEN, Thomas EDWARDS
1763-64 Thomas CURGENVEN, Thomas EDWARDS
1764-65 Andrew HOSKING, Hannibal HOSKING
1765-66 Andrew HOSKING, Hannibal HOSKING
1766-67 Andrew HOSKING, Hannibal HOSKING
1767-68 William HAWES, Andrew HOSKING
1768-69 William HAWES, Henry [sic] HOSKING
1769-70 William HAWES, Henry [sic] HOSKING
In Church council book In Lelant poor book In Lelant poor book where different from
the rate-making record
1770-71 William HAWES, Henry HOSKING, ? Thomas EDWARDS, Stephen NEWTON
1771-72 Henry HOSKING, Edward RICHARDS Stephen NEWTON, Lewis PENBERTHY
1772-73 Henry HOSKING, Edward RICHARDS John COOPER, Henry PEARCE
1773-74 Henry HOSKING, Edward RICHARDS (Captain) Isaac PENBERTHY, John KEMP
1774-75 Henry HOSKING, Edward RICHARDS James MOORSHEAD, Silas THOMAS
1775-76 William HAWES, Henry HOSKING William HAWES, Henry HOSKING
1776-77 Hannibal HOSKING, James SANDOW Hannibal HOSKING, James SANDOW
1777-78 Hannibal HOSKING, James SANDOW Hannibal HOSKING, James SANDOW
1778-79 Stephen NEWTON, John STEVENS James SANDOW, John STEVENS Stephen NEWTON, John STEVENS
1779-80 Stephen NEWTON, John STEVENS Stephen NEWTON, John STEVENS
1780-81 Henry HOSKING, John STEVENS Thomas EDWARDS, Thomas RICHARDS
1781-82 Henry HOSKING, John STEVENS John BENNATS, John WHITE
1782-83 Henry HOSKING, John WHITE William MITCHELL, Richard SAMPSON
1783-84 Henry HOSKING, John WHITE Richard SAMPSON, Thomas SYMONDS
1784-85 Henry HOSKING, Clement UREN Richard HARRY, John RICHARDS
1785-86 Henry HOSKING, Clement UREN Henry PEARCE, John STEVENS
1786-87 John COOPER, Hannibal HOSKING John RICHARDS, James THOMAS
1787-88 John COOPER, Hannibal HOSKING James RICHARDS, John RICHARDS
1788-89 John COOPER, Hannibal HOSKING John RICHARDS, Richard UREN
1789-90 John COOPER, Hannibal HOSKING John RICHARDS, Richard UREN Darcus PEARCE, Edward RICHARDS
1790-91 Henry HOSKING, William MICHELL Darcus PEARCE, Edward RICHARDS Sampson HOSKING, Henry PEARCE
1791-92 Henry HOSKING, William MICHELL Sampson HOSKING, Henry PEARCE John COOPER (Senior), Clement UREN
1792-93 Henry HOSKING, William MICHELL John COOPER, Clement UREN John KEMP (Junior), Henry BANFOLD
1793-94 Henry HOSKING, Thomas LAND Henry BANFIELD, John KEMP Richard HALL, John SANDOW
1794-95 James HARRY, Thomas SYMONS Richard HALL, John SANDOW Andrew HOSKING, John STEVENS
1795-96 James HARRY, Thomas SYMONS Andrew HOSKING, John STEVENS Hannibal HOSKING, Joeph THOMAS
1796-97 Andrew HOSKING, John SANDOW Hannibal HOSKING, Joseph THOMAS Francis BANFIELD, John ROACH
1797-98 Andrew HOSKING, John SANDOW Francis BANFIELD, John ROACH Thomas RICHARDS, John WHITE
In Lelant poor book
Notes on churchwardens and overseers
Edward RICHARDS and Stephen NEWTON are described as Captain.
Discrepant years for churchwarden entries in the Poor book are: 1778-79, 1786-87, 1794-95, 1796-97, 1798-99
No year is given in the Poor Book for the rate-making 1784-85 and 1785-86, though it is for the disbursement
1789-90 is entered in the Poor Book as 1788-89, a year which has already been recorded in the Poor book
1790-91 is entered in the Poor book as 1789-90
1791-92 is entered in the Poor book as 1790-91
Some of the surnames in the Lelant poor book are spelt variously: Kemp, Kempe, Symonds, Symons, Mitchell, Michell.
Thomas Symons regularly signs his name without a d and William Michell regularly signs without a t. 
John Bennatts signs his name like that but it is also spelt in the Poor book with one n and one t.
John White signs his name with an h; it is also spelt without one in the book. The forename Hannibal
is spelt with one or two n's and with one or two l's. The signature is abbreviated.
From 1798 the disbursements and rate accounts are signed not only by the churchwardens but also
by other parishioners. They are mainly the people who are appear in this list and I put them here
in the years of their signatures omitting the two churchwardens.  
1797-98 Henry HOSKING, Sampson HOSKING,  William MICHELL, John STEVENS, Thomas SYMONS
1798-99 Hannibal HOSKING, Henry HOSKING, Sampson HOSKING, Thomas RICHARDS, John
1799-1800 Thomas BEHENNA, John BENNATTS, John COOPER, John EDWARDS, John GLASSON,
Thomas THOMAS  
1800-01 Henry BANFIELD, John COOPER, Thomas HOSKING, William MICHELL, John PENBERTHY,
1801-02 Thomas BEHENNA, Henry HOSKING, John SANDOW, John STEVENS.
The Church council book occasionally records the names of Lelant parish constables, either specifically as   
constables or as people paid jail and bridge money.
1722-23 George STEVENS
1736-37 John EDWARDS
1741-42 Hugh STEVENS, Richard STEVENS
1742-43 Richard WILLIAMS, …UREN, Richard SAFEGUARD
1744-45 Christopher UREN
1745-46 Christopher UREN, Edward BANFIELD, John EDWARDS